State Laws and Rules

State Laws and Rules

All states have laws and rules regarding the operation of snowmobiles. The following is a state-by-state summary of these rules.

Alaska

Trail Permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. Snowmobiles do not require insurance. Helmets not mandatory. Limited roads open. You may not ride road shoulders and ditches. No specified speed limits. Point of Sale Registration Required – $10.00 for 2 years. Decals & Registration # Required.

Arizona

There are 500 miles of groomed trails in Arizona. Registration Fee: $0

California – Nevada

There are 1,800 Miles of groomed trails in California and Nevada. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. All Roads are open for snowmobilers to use. Road shoulders & road ditches are not open for snowmobilers. Helmets are not required. There are no posted speed limits. 15 mph speed limit in congested areas around lodges. Snowmobiles must be licensed or purchase a non-resident permit if your state does not require licensing (i.e. Nevada). Registration Fee: $21 for two years.

Colorado

There are 2,000 miles of groomed trails in Colorado. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. All roads are open to snowmobilers. Snowmobilers may ride the road shoulders and ditches. Helmets are not required. Speed limits are as posted. Registration Fee: $15.25 a year.

Idaho

There are 7,200 miles of groomed trails in Idaho. Trail permits are required for out of state snowmobilers. For more information on trail permits, contact: Parks & Recreation, Attention Snowmobile Registration, P.O. Box 83720, Boise, ID 83720-0065. All roads are not open to snowmobilers. Snowmobilers are not allowed to ride the road shoulders and ditches. Helmets are not required. Speed limits are 45 mph on groomed trails only. Registration Fee: $21 a year.

Illinois

There are 2,150 miles of groomed trails in Illinois. Trail Permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. All roads are not open for snowmobilers. Snowmobilers are allowed to ride the road shoulders if 10feet from paved roadway. May legally ride in the road ditches. Helmets are not required. No posted speed limits. Snowmobiles must have adequate mufflers and operating brake lights. DUI Law is the same as for automobiles – .08. Registration Fee: $12 for three years.

Indiana

Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. Most snowmobile clubs have in their by-laws that snowmobilers must carry insurance. Helmets are not required. Roads open to snowmobilers varies from County to County. Road shoulders are open to ride in most Counties. No posted speed limits. A snowmobile registered to a non-resident of Indiana may operate under the authority of the registration for a period not to exceed twenty (20) days in one (1) year. Registration Fee: N/A

Iowa

There are 4,920 miles of groomed trails in Iowa. Registration Fee: $25 for two years.

Maine

There are 12,550 miles of groomed trails in Maine. Trails permits are required for non-residents. For more information, please contact the Maine Snowmobile Association via website at . Helmets are not required. Not all roads are open to snowmobilers. However, you may cross roads. Legally, road shoulders are not open to snowmobilers but road ditches are open behind plowed banks only. Speed limits are posted – reasonable & prudent. Non-residents must be registered in ME at $35/3 D, $55/10 D, $60 per season. Stickers must be displayed on both sides of sled. OUI Law – .08. Any person under 14 years old cannot drive across public roads and under 10 years of age cannot operate off own land. Registration Fee: $25 a year.

Massachusetts

There are 500 miles of groomed trails in Massachusetts. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. Helmets must be worn by everyone. All roads are not open to snowmobiles. Snowmobilers may not ride the road shoulders but can legally ride the road ditches. There are no posted speed limits. All snowmobiles must be registered – there is no receprocity between states. Some age limitations and restricted riding areas. Registration Fee: $20 per season.

Michigan

There are 5,900 miles of groomed trails in Michigan. Trail permits are required for all snowmobilers at $10 per season. For more information, please contact the Chamber of Commerce or the Michigan Snowmobile Association at 1-616-361-2285 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              1-616-361-2285      end_of_the_skype_highlighting. Helmets are required for everyone. Roads in the state are open for snowmobilers in some Counties. Riding road shoulders and road ditches is allowed in some Counties only. Speed limits are (1) Safe and Reasonable, (2) posted on any road, (3) just fast enough to maintain forward motion when within 100 feet of any building or fisherman. Registration Fee: $15 for three years. Some Local Laws require Liability Insurance and safety Inspection.

Minnesota

There are 18,000 miles of groomed trails in Minnesota. Trail permits are required for out of state snowmobilers at $16 per season. To order by credit card contact the MN DNR at 1-800-285-2000. Helmets must be worn by everyone up to 18 years old. Roads and road shoulders are not open for snowmobiles. Road ditches can be ridden in but travel must be with the flow of traffic after dark unless on a signed trail. Maximum speed limit is 50 mph. No metal traction devices are allowed on blacktop trails unless specifically signed to allow them. A $13 metal traction user fee is required for Minnesota residents only. Any Minnesota resident snowmobile rider born after 12/31/79 must possess a snowmobile safety certificate. For out of state riders, safety training requirements for their state prevail. For more information contact the DNR at 1-888-MINNDNR.

Montana

There are 3,772 miles of groomed trails in Montana. Trail permits are not required. Helmets are not required. Roads are open to snowmobilers only if groomed or not open to travel by wheeled vehicles. Road shoulders and road ditches are open for ride. No posted speed limits. Snowmobiles must be registered in home state. Registration Fee: $22.50 a year.

Nebraska

Nebraska has 100 miles of groomed trails. Trail permits are not required. Snowmobiles do not need to be insured. Helmets are mandatory for everyone. County Roads only are open to ride. Same applies for road shoulders and ditches. No specified speed limit. Registration Fee: $17.50 for 2 years.

New Hampshire

There are 6,800 miles of groomed trails in New Hampshire. Trails permits are not required but registration is. Registration is available through the Department of Fish and Game at 603-271-3129. Helmets are required for operators and passengers under the age of 17. Only certain roads and/or portions are open when applied for by local club or the Bureau of Trails. When they are open, they are posted. Otherwise all public ways are closed. Same rule applies for open road shoulders and ditches, still within the right-of-way. Speed limit is 45 mph unless otherwise posted. 10 mph when within 150 feet of any fisherman, their shanty or fishing hole. Also, speed that is reasonable and prudent for conditions then existing. Black Lake in Pittsburg has a 35 mph night time speed limit. Registration Fee: $37 Resident – $47 Non-resident

New York

There are 15,000 miles of groomed trails in New York. No trail permit required for out of state snowmobilers. Snowmobiles must be insured on roads. Helmets required for everyone. Some roads and road shoulders are open to snowmobiles. Road ditches are not. There are no posted speed limits. All snowmobiles must be registered in New York. Registration Fee: $15 Resident – $25 Non-resident

North Datoka

There are 2,000 miles of groomed trails in North Dakota. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. Snowmobiles must be insured with minimum liability on any state trail. Helmets are required for anyone under the age of 18 years. Roads and road shoulders are not open to snowmobiles, however road ditches are. Speed limits the same as posted for that road if you are in a ditch. Trail speed limits are safe and prudent. Registration Fee: $20 for 2 years.

Ohio

There are 146 of groomed trails in Ohio. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. Helmets are required for everyone. Roads are open to snowmobiles if decided by local authorities only. Same rule apples for riding road shoulders. Road ditches are not open. There is no posted speed limit. Registration Fee: $5 for three years.

Oregon

There are 6,200 miles of groomed trails in Oregon. Registration Fee: $10 for two years.

Pennsylvania

There are 2,000 miles of groomed trails in Pennsylvania. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowmobilers. Any state that honors PA registration in their state will have their registration honored in PA. Liability Insurance is mandatory for all snowmobiles. Helmets must be worn by everyone. Roads in the state are not opened unless indicated they are a joint use. They are mainly Township roads in sparsely populated areas. Same rule applies to road shoulders. You may legally ride in ditches. Speed limits are what is posted for that road if it is a joint use road. Youths between the ages of 10 and 16 must have a Safety Course and must carry the Certificate with them at all times showing they passed. Registration Fee: $20 for two years.

South Dakota

There are 1,052 miles of groomed trails in South Dakota. Trail permits are not required. Liability Insurance is mandatory for all snowmobiles. Helmets are not required. Roads that open are only roads that have not been plowed. Can legally ride in ditches and shoulders, only if there is no ditches. Speed limits are the same as the posted road limit – outside of road row’s, no speed limit. Registration Fee: $20 for 2 years.

Utah

There are 1,038 miles of groomed trails in Utah. Registration Fee: $12.50 a year.

Vermont

There are 4,500 miles of groomed trails in Vermont. Trail permits are required and can be obtained through the Vermont Snowmobile Association for $30 plus local club membership for resident and $60 plus local club membership for non-reident. Snowmobilers from out of state must have certification that the after market exhaust meets the requirements that the manufacturer exhaust must meet. Helmets are not required. Roads are open to snowmobiles only when marked and signed for use. Road shoulders and ditches are open 3′ off the plowed portion only. No speed limits. Snowmobiles must be registered in any state or province and must display a valid VT Trails Pass Decal. Trail Passes include VAST, County and Local Club Membership and is permission to operate on private land. Registration Fee: $16 resident – $22 Non-resident.

Washington

There are 3,500 miles of groomed trails in Washington. Trail permits are not required for out of state snowemobilers, however, a Sno-Park Permit may be needed to park in specific locations. Sno Park permits may be obtained by calling 360-902-8552. Helmets are not required. Roads, road shoulders and ditches are not open to snowmobiles. No person under age 12 shall operate a snowmobile. Persons between 12-16 must pass Snowmobile Safety Course to operate on any public road or highway. Registration Fee: $32 a year.

Wisconsin

There are 25,000 miles of groomed snowmobile trails in Wisconsin. Registration Fee: $20 for two years. A nighttime speed limit is now in effect in Wisconsin. A 50 mph speed limit will be enforced on all trails in the state.

Wyoming

There are 2,500 miles of groomed trails in Wyoming. $15 Trail permits are required for out of state snowmobilers and can be obtained by calling . Major Credit Cards Accepted. Helmets are not required. Roads are open to snowmobiles unless closed because of snow depth. Can legally ride road shoulders and ditches. No speed limits. Registration Fee: $15 a year.